When we think of the Amazon Rain forest, the first thing that comes to mind is the diversity, grandeur, natural abundance and exuberance of this forest.

When we think of the Amazon Rainforest, the first thing that comes to mind is the diversity, grandeur, natural abundance and exuberance of this forest, which has an area of approximately 5.5 million square kilometers. It occupies half of the country (about 49.29%), which corresponds to the Amazônia Legal.

It is misleading to think that the Amazon Rainforest is only limited to the Brazilian territory. Eight other countries also are covered with a part of this complex biome: Bolivia, Colombia, Guyana, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. 60% of the Rainforest is located in Brazil and 40% in these other countries.

It is estimated that its forestsrelease about 6.5 to 7 trillion tons of water every year into the atmosphere through the evaporation process.The climate in the Amazon Rainforest is mainly equatorial, hot and humid due to the proximity to the Equator, with temperatures ranging from 26°C and 34 °C degrees throughout the year. The rains are frequent with an average rainfall of 1600 mm to 1800 mm annually, and this average may exceed 3000 mm in the rainy season that lasts in average six months.

The Amazon River is considered to be the largest river in the world; in length and volume of water (the largest watershed in the world).It has as its main tributaries the Tapajós River, the Negro and Madeira Rivers.Many people think that the Amazon River has its source in Brazil, while in reality it starts in the Peruvian area of the Andes Cordillera, in the Lauri Lake or Lauricocha.Just like the Amazon Rainforest, the Amazon River stretches over the same eight countries besides Brazil.During the rainy season in the region, which begins in mid-November and goes on until May, the Amazon River more than triples its volumes of water and its size: in the dry season, it covers on average anarea of 111,000 square kilometers, while in the rainy season its surface area can reach 350,000 square kilometers.

The Rich Amazon Ecosystem

The Amazon Rainforest is made of a fairly extensive ecosystem, containing for example Igapo forests, streams, Campinarana, meadow forests, non-flooded forests. About the Amazonian soil it is important to emphasize that because of its very dense forest with very tall trees, it becomes impossible for the sunlight to penetrate the forest. This is why the fauna and flora of this ecosystem have undergone a long evolutionary and adaptation process. On the soil, a layer of decomposing dead animals, leaves, branchesis formed and is then transformed into nutrients that contribute to the exuberance and diversity of the flora in this region.

Source: Rajá Frutas

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